This month, a fake video of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, in which the leader asked Ukrainian soldiers to lay down their arms, was posted on the Internet.

“We are witnessing a new era in the transformation of cyber tools and cyber technologies and how they are being used in kinetic warfare,” said James Turgal, vice president of Optiv. He previously spent 22 years with the FBI, spending a lot of time in cybersecurity.

“Deepfakes are nothing more than artificial images or sounds combined with machine learning or AI algorithms,” he explained. “Deepfakes are meant to create chaos.”

The video went through various social media platforms before it was removed.

The Twitter head of security policy Meta wrote in part: “Earlier today, our teams discovered and deleted an in-depth video alleging that President Zelensky was making a statement he had never made. It appeared on a hacked website and then started appearing on the internet. “

Shortly afterwards, Zelensky addressed the public, refining the record.

“Immediately after the video came out, their response was quick, Zelensky returned,” Turgel said.

With the development of technology making deep video has become easier.

“Now there’s just what we call free open source software that people can download and do,” said Steve Beatty, a professor and chair in computer science at the University of Denver.

“What we see and what is real can be two very different things. And we’ve had this for a while for photos, but now that it’s video level, I think it opens up another jar of worms ”.

There are some things you can look out for to identify deep video.

“Usually what we see around the face is a glitch,” Beatty said.

“It’s an unnatural eye movement, no blinking,” Turgal said. “Pixelation. Some blurry or wrong things in the background are all great ways to look at it and say yes, it’s not real. “

As tensions between Ukraine and Russia continue, experts say it’s important to pay attention to what information you’re looking at and where it’s coming from.

“Information, misinformation and misinformation have been used a lot in this war,” Beatty said.

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