THURSDAY, Sept. 22, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Of the 1,108 pregnancy-related deaths from 2017 to 2019, 84 percent were preventable, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Maternal Mortality Review Committee.
Suzanne Trost, M.H., of the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Atlanta, and her colleagues reviewed data on pregnancy-related deaths among residents of 36 states from 2017 to 2019 using the Maternal Mortality Review Information App.
The researchers found 1,018 pregnancy-related deaths from 2017 to 2019. Among deaths for which the time of pregnancy was known, about 22, 25, 23, and 30 percent occurred during pregnancy, on the day of delivery, or during the week after delivery, 7 to 42 days after delivery, and in the late postpartum period, respectively. The underlying cause of death was determined for 987 deaths; the most common underlying causes were mental illness, hemorrhage, heart and coronary disease, infection, thrombotic embolism, and cardiomyopathy (22.7, 13.7, 12.8, 9.2, 8.7, and 8.5 percent, respectively), with the underlying cause varied by race and ethnicity. Of the 996 deaths for which a preventable determination was made, 84 percent were determined to be preventable.
“Most pregnancy-related deaths are preventable, highlighting the need for quality improvement initiatives in states, hospitals, and communities to ensure that all pregnant or postpartum people receive the right care at the right time,” Wanda Barfield, MD , MPH , from the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, said in a statement.